Referat Abraham Lincoln

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  • Publicat pe 22 Iunie 2016

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        "In February 1860, Lincoln made his first major political appearance in the Northeast when he addressed a rally at the Cooper Union in New York. He was now sufficiently well known to be a presidential candidate. At the Republican national convention in Chicago in May, William H. Seward was the leading candidate. 
Seward, however, had qualities that made him undesirable in the critical states the Republicans had lost in 1856: Pennsylvania, Indiana, Illinois, and New Jersey. As a result Lincoln won the nomination by being the second choice of the majority.
He went on to win the presidential election, defeating the Northern Democrat Douglas, the Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge, and the Constitutional Union candidate John Bell. Lincoln selected a strong cabinet that included all of his major rivals for the Republican nomination: Seward as secretary of state, Salmon P. Chase as secretary of the treasury, and Edward Bates as attorney general.
By the time of Lincoln's inauguration in March 1861, seven states had seceded from the Union. His conciliatory inaugural address had no effect on the South, and, against the advice of a majority of his cabinet, Lincoln decided to send provisions to Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor. 
The fort was a symbol of federal authority-conspicuous in the state that had led secession, South Carolina--and it would soon have had to be evacuated for lack of supplies. On Apr. 12, 1861, South Carolina fired on the fort, and the Civil War began.
Finally in 1860 Abraham Lincoln was running for President, only 40% of the people voted for him, nevertheless he received the majority of votes in the electoral college and became the 16th President of the United States of America. .
Abraham Lincoln became President in a time where the Union went through a dangerous crisis as South Carolina proclaimed its withdrawal from the Union and other States where in place to follow.
Altogether six states seceded and formed, together with South Carolina, the Confederate States of America.
In this disunion that existed before Lincoln took Office, the Crisis around Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbour developed into the centre of the upcoming problems.
This Fort was garrisoned by US troops, but the Confederate States claimed it, in his inaugural address (4.3.1861) Lincoln said, that “ the power confided to me, will be used to hold, occupy, and possess the property, and places belonging to the government.”
        As a commander in chief Lincoln was soon noted for vigorous measures, sometimes at odds with the Constitution and often at odds with the ideas of his military commanders."
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